This paper focuses on the comparison of women in engineering in two countries (Bangladesh and the USA) which are miles apart not only geographically but also in social and cultural values. Engineering has traditionally been a male dominated profession. While progress is being made in encouraging women in engineering and technical fields, the progress rate has been very slow. Data from surveys indicate that the factors affecting recruitment and retention of women in engineering are very similar in both countries. The fact that the engineering profession is male dominated, is physically demanding and requires sound mathematical and scientific background are the major hurdles in attracting women in engineering. While workshops, special courses, seminars, congenial academic and workplace environments designed to improve the numbers of women in engineering are essential, attitude changes in society towards women in all countries has to change to encourage women to select engineering as a profession.
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