Trait mindfulness and mind-body health in students: The role of gender, race, and ethnicity

Jeffrey M. Greeson, Emma E. McBride, Gabrielle R. Chin, Hana H. Lee, Amanda P. Colangelo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Objective: Trait mindfulness is associated with well-being in college students, yet it is unclear whether these associations are consistent across demographics. Participants: Undergraduate students (n = 534; 33% nonwhite; Apr2018–Sep2019). Methods: A cross-sectional online survey was performed. Pearson correlations tested the relationship between specific facets of trait mindfulness and four domains of mind-body health: stress, well-being, cognitive functioning, and health behaviors. Gender, race, and ethnicity were tested as moderators. Results: In general, higher trait mindfulness is consistently associated with better mind-body health across demographics. However, in men, some health behavior variables correlated more strongly with mindfulness. Among Black students, the relationship between Non-Reactivity and some outcome variables was null or counterintuitive. In Asian students, several predicted associations were significantly stronger. Conclusion: Trait mindfulness corresponds to mind-body health in college students, but relationships may not be universal. Future research is needed to replicate these findings and to examine possible demographic differences in response to mindfulness training.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of American College Health
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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