Thermoreversible and remendable glass-polymer interface for fiber-reinforced composites

Amy M. Peterson, Robert E. Jensen, Giuseppe R. Palmese

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

70 Scopus citations

Abstract

Adhesion of the reinforcement to the polymer matrix is essential for load transfer from the polymer matrix to the reinforcement material in fiber-reinforced composites. The reversible Diels-Alder reaction between a furan-functionalized epoxy-amine thermosetting matrix with a maleimide-functionalized glass fiber was used to impart remendability at the polymer-glass interface for potential application in glass fiber-reinforced composites. At room temperature the Diels-Alder adduct is formed spontaneously and above 90 °C the adduct breaks apart to reform the original furan and maleimide moieties. Healing of the interface was investigated with single fiber microdroplet pull-out testing. Following complete failure of this interface, significant healing was observed, with some specimens recovering over 100% of the initial properties. Healing efficiency was not affected by the distance of displacement, with an overall average of 41% healing efficiency. Up to five healing cycles were successfully achieved. It is expected that a glass fiber-reinforced composite of maleimide-sized glass within a furan-functionalized network will demonstrate extension of fatigue life.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)586-592
Number of pages7
JournalComposites Science and Technology
Volume71
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 22 2011
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Engineering(all)

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