The ubiquitin ligase Rsp5 is required for ribosome stability in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Rsp5p is a conserved HECT-domain ubiquitin ligase with diverse roles in cellular physiology. Here we report a previously unknown role of Rsp5p in facilitating the stability of the cytoplasmic ribosome pool in budding yeast. Yeast strains carrying temperature-sensitive mutations in RSP5 showed a progressive decline in levels of 18S and 25S rRNAs and accumulation of rRNA decay fragments when cells grown in rich medium were shifted to restrictive temperature. This was accompanied by a decreased number of translating ribosomes and the appearance of ribosomal subunits with an abnormally low sedimentation rate in polysome analysis. Abrogating Rsp5p function affected stability of other tested noncoding RNA species (tRNA and snoRNA), but to a lower extent than that of rRNA, and also inhibited processing of rRNA and tRNA precursors, in agreement with previous studies. The breakdown of cellular ribosomes was not affected by deletion of key genes involved in autophagy, previously implicated in ribosome turnover upon starvation. Our results suggest that functional Rsp5p is required to maintain the integrity of cytoplasmic ribosomes under rich nutrient conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1422-1428
Number of pages7
JournalRNA
Volume17
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2011

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Ligases
Ubiquitin
Ribosomes
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
RNA Precursors
Small Nucleolar RNA
Ribosome Subunits
Untranslated RNA
Saccharomycetales
Temperature
Polyribosomes
Autophagy
Gene Deletion
Starvation
Transfer RNA
Yeasts
Food
Mutation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

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abstract = "Rsp5p is a conserved HECT-domain ubiquitin ligase with diverse roles in cellular physiology. Here we report a previously unknown role of Rsp5p in facilitating the stability of the cytoplasmic ribosome pool in budding yeast. Yeast strains carrying temperature-sensitive mutations in RSP5 showed a progressive decline in levels of 18S and 25S rRNAs and accumulation of rRNA decay fragments when cells grown in rich medium were shifted to restrictive temperature. This was accompanied by a decreased number of translating ribosomes and the appearance of ribosomal subunits with an abnormally low sedimentation rate in polysome analysis. Abrogating Rsp5p function affected stability of other tested noncoding RNA species (tRNA and snoRNA), but to a lower extent than that of rRNA, and also inhibited processing of rRNA and tRNA precursors, in agreement with previous studies. The breakdown of cellular ribosomes was not affected by deletion of key genes involved in autophagy, previously implicated in ribosome turnover upon starvation. Our results suggest that functional Rsp5p is required to maintain the integrity of cytoplasmic ribosomes under rich nutrient conditions.",
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The ubiquitin ligase Rsp5 is required for ribosome stability in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. / Shcherbik, Natalia; Pestov, Dimitri.

In: RNA, Vol. 17, No. 8, 01.08.2011, p. 1422-1428.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Shcherbik, Natalia

AU - Pestov, Dimitri

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N2 - Rsp5p is a conserved HECT-domain ubiquitin ligase with diverse roles in cellular physiology. Here we report a previously unknown role of Rsp5p in facilitating the stability of the cytoplasmic ribosome pool in budding yeast. Yeast strains carrying temperature-sensitive mutations in RSP5 showed a progressive decline in levels of 18S and 25S rRNAs and accumulation of rRNA decay fragments when cells grown in rich medium were shifted to restrictive temperature. This was accompanied by a decreased number of translating ribosomes and the appearance of ribosomal subunits with an abnormally low sedimentation rate in polysome analysis. Abrogating Rsp5p function affected stability of other tested noncoding RNA species (tRNA and snoRNA), but to a lower extent than that of rRNA, and also inhibited processing of rRNA and tRNA precursors, in agreement with previous studies. The breakdown of cellular ribosomes was not affected by deletion of key genes involved in autophagy, previously implicated in ribosome turnover upon starvation. Our results suggest that functional Rsp5p is required to maintain the integrity of cytoplasmic ribosomes under rich nutrient conditions.

AB - Rsp5p is a conserved HECT-domain ubiquitin ligase with diverse roles in cellular physiology. Here we report a previously unknown role of Rsp5p in facilitating the stability of the cytoplasmic ribosome pool in budding yeast. Yeast strains carrying temperature-sensitive mutations in RSP5 showed a progressive decline in levels of 18S and 25S rRNAs and accumulation of rRNA decay fragments when cells grown in rich medium were shifted to restrictive temperature. This was accompanied by a decreased number of translating ribosomes and the appearance of ribosomal subunits with an abnormally low sedimentation rate in polysome analysis. Abrogating Rsp5p function affected stability of other tested noncoding RNA species (tRNA and snoRNA), but to a lower extent than that of rRNA, and also inhibited processing of rRNA and tRNA precursors, in agreement with previous studies. The breakdown of cellular ribosomes was not affected by deletion of key genes involved in autophagy, previously implicated in ribosome turnover upon starvation. Our results suggest that functional Rsp5p is required to maintain the integrity of cytoplasmic ribosomes under rich nutrient conditions.

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