The physical chemistry and materials science behind sinter-resistant catalysts

Yunqian Dai, Ping Lu, Zhenming Cao, Charles T. Campbell, Younan Xia

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

226 Scopus citations


Catalyst sintering, a main cause of the loss of catalytic activity and/or selectivity at high reaction temperatures, is a major concern and grand challenge in the general area of heterogeneous catalysis. Although all heterogeneous catalysts are inevitably subjected to sintering during their operation, the immediate and drastic consequences can be mitigated by carefully engineering the catalytic particles and their interactions with the supports. In this tutorial review, we highlight recent progress in understanding the physical chemistry and materials science involved in sintering, including the discussion of advanced techniques, such as in situ microscopy and spectroscopy, for investigating the sintering process and its rate. We also discuss strategies for the design and rational fabrication of sinter-resistant catalysts. Finally, we showcase recent success in improving the thermal stability and thus sinter resistance of supported catalytic systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4314-4331
Number of pages18
JournalChemical Society Reviews
Issue number12
StatePublished - Jun 21 2018
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry


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