A mixture of collagenolytic proteases has been isolated from the Kamchatka crab hepatopancreas. The four individual enzymes were further separated with FPLC and partially characterized. Crab collagenolytic proteases possess a high activity against different types of collagen, especially against calf skin collagen Type III and bovine lens capsule collagen Type IV, which is resistant to the microbial Clostridium sp. collagenases. In contrast with microbial collagenases the crab enzymes are good general proteases, able to cleave standard synthetic and protein substrates and possess a chymotrypsin-, trypsin- and elastase-like specificity. N-Terminal sequence analysis revealed that crab collagenolytic proteases had evolved from a trypsin-like ancestor. Crab proteases, structurally belonging to the trypsin-like enzymes, nevertheless, possess the unique ability, among this class of enzymes, to cleave the native insoluble collagen. It seems that crab collagenolytic proteases and true metalloenzyme vertebrate and microbial collagenases have certain common structural features particularly in the regions of their substrate binding site.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|State||Published - Feb 14 1990|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology