The effect of insulin-like growth factor-1 on protein metabolism and hepatic response to endotoxemia in parenterally fed rats

Roland N. Dickerson, Claudia B. Manzo, Scott L. Charland, R. Gregg Settle, T. Peter Stein, David A. Kuhl, Jean Jacques Rajter

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22 Scopus citations

Abstract

To determine the influence of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) on nitrogen loss and hepatic response to critical illness, 34 male Sprague- Dawley rats (190-230 g) were randomized to receive parenteral nutrition (PN) only (Ctrl), PN plus continuous infusion of Escherichia coli 026:B6 lipopolysaccharide at 6 mg/kg/day (LPS), or PN plus LPS plus rhIGF-1 (IGF-1) at 3 mg/kg/day for 48 hr. Prior to randomization, all animals underwent iv cannulation and 30 hr of adaptation to PN. All animals received isocaloric and isonitrogenous PN (glucose 170 kcal/kg/day and nitrogen 1.1 g/kg/day) and were kept NPO except for water ad libitum. [15N]glycine was infused in all animals for determination of liver fractional synthetic rate. Cumulative nitrogen balance during endotoxemia was significantly different from each other (+72 ± 42, -217 ± 131, -114 ± 137 mg/kg/48 hr for the Ctrl, LPS, and IGF-1 groups, respectively; ANOVA, P < 0.001). Endotoxin significantly increased the urinary 3-methylhistidine/creatinine ratio (0.24 ± 0.05, 0.55 ± 0.12, 0.48 ± 0.17 for the Ctrl, LPS, and IGF-1 groups, respectively; ANOVA, P < 0.001); however, IGF-1 did not significantly reduce the ratio. Endotoxin induced a significant increase in liver fractional synthetic rate (29 ± 8, 56 ± 18, 64 ± 12%/day for the Ctrl, LPS, and IGF-1 groups, respectively; ANOVA, P < 0.01) and depressed hepatic cytochrome P450 concentration (0.54 ± 0.19, 0.22 ± 0.07, 0.19 ± 0.07 nmol/mg protein, respectively; ANOVA, P < 0.05) and ethoxycoumarin O-deethylase (ECOD) activity (103 ± 73, 29 ± 13, 17 ± 11, pmol/mg/min, respectively; ANOVA, P < 0.01); however, rhIGF-1 did not significantly alter these hepatic variables during endotoxin infusion. Recombinant human insulin-like growth factor-1 significantly improved nitrogen balance without compromising hepatic response as measured by liver fractional synthetic rate, cytochrome P450 concentration, and ECOD activity in endotoxemic parenterally fed rats.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)260-266
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
Volume58
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery

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