Targeting Inflammatory Pathways by Nutraceuticals for Prevention and Treatment of Arthritis

Bokyung Sung, Gautam Sethi, Kwang Seok Ahn, Manoj K. Pandey, Ajaikumar B. Kunnumakkara, Bharat B. Aggarwal

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Like most other autoimmune diseases, arthritis is more prevalent in the Western world than in other countries (Devereux, 2006). Although the precise reason for this difference is not understood, lifestyle is known to play a major role. Current treatments for most diseases, including arthritis, tend to be inefficient, have side effects, and tend to be expensive (Aggarwal et al., 2006a). Natural products offer an opportunity that devoid of such disadvantages. Any treatment requires proper understanding of pathogenesis of the disease, such as arthritis. Arthritis is primarily a proinflammatory disease. There are more than 100 different kinds of arthritides. Perhaps three of the most common occurring arthritides in the Western world are gout, osteoarthritis (OA), and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Gout occurs in response to the presence of crystals of monosodium urate (MSU) in joints, bones, and soft tissues (Becker and Jolly, 2006; Hoskison and Wortmann, 2006; Saag and Choi, 2006). Both acute arthritis and chronic arthropathy (tophaceous gout) are considered part of gout. High serum uric acid or hyperuricemia is the necessary predisposing factor for the development of gout in which a period of hyperuricemia leads to MSU crystal deposition, reaction to which can result in acute and/or chronic inflammation. Although hyperuricemia is a necessary predisposing Introduction295 Potential of Natural Agents Against Arthritis. 298 Inhibitors of TNF-a Expression. 298 Inhibitors of COX-2 Expression and Activity. 298 Inhibitors of 5-LOX Expression and Activity 298 Inhibitors of Adhesion Molecules 298 Inhibitors of NF-κB Activation 302 Preclinical and Clinical Studies of Natural Products Against Arthritis 304 Conclusions 311 Acknowledgments 311 References. 311.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationArthritis
Subtitle of host publicationPathophysiology, Prevention, and Therapeutics
PublisherCRC Press
Number of pages29
ISBN (Electronic)9781439816875
ISBN (Print)9781466547698
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Medicine


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