Synthetic Random Copolymers as a Molecular Platform to Mimic Host-Defense Antimicrobial Peptides

Haruko Takahashi, Gregory A. Caputo, Satyavani Vemparala, Kenichi Kuroda

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

50 Scopus citations

Abstract

Synthetic polymers have been used as a molecular platform to develop host-defense antimicrobial peptide (AMP) mimetics which are effective in killing drug-resistant bacteria. In this topical review, we will discuss the AMP-mimetic design and chemical optimization strategies as well as the biological and biophysical implications of AMP mimicry by synthetic polymers. Traditionally, synthetic polymers have been used as a chemical means to replicate the chemical functionalities and physicochemical properties of AMPs (e.g., cationic charge, hydrophobicity) to recapitulate their mode of action. However, we propose a new perception that AMP-mimetic polymers are an inherently bioactive platform as whole molecules, which mimic more than the side chain functionalities of AMPs. The tunable nature and chemical simplicity of synthetic random polymers facilitate the development of potent, cost-effective, broad-spectrum antimicrobials. The polymer-based approach offers the potential for many antimicrobial applications to be used directly in solution or attached to surfaces to fight against drug-resistant bacteria.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1340-1350
Number of pages11
JournalBioconjugate Chemistry
Volume28
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 17 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Organic Chemistry

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Synthetic Random Copolymers as a Molecular Platform to Mimic Host-Defense Antimicrobial Peptides'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this