Structure of human mitochondrial RNA polymerase elongation complex

Kathrin Schwinghammer, Alan C.M. Cheung, Yaroslav I. Morozov, Karen Agaronyan, Dmitry Temiakov, Patrick Cramer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

62 Scopus citations


Here we report the crystal structure of the human mitochondrial RNA polymerase (mtRNAP) transcription elongation complex, determined at 2.65-Å resolution. The structure reveals a 9-bp hybrid formed between the DNA template and the RNA transcript and one turn of DNA both upstream and downstream of the hybrid. Comparisons with the distantly related RNA polymerase (RNAP) from bacteriophage T7 indicates conserved mechanisms for substrate binding and nucleotide incorporation but also strong mechanistic differences. Whereas T7 RNAP refolds during the transition from initiation to elongation, mtRNAP adopts an intermediary conformation that is capable of elongation without refolding. The intercalating hairpin that melts DNA during T7 RNAP initiation separates RNA from DNA during mtRNAP elongation. Newly synthesized RNA exits toward the pentatricopeptide repeat (PPR) domain, a unique feature of mtRNAP with conserved RNA-recognition motifs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1298-1303
Number of pages6
JournalNature Structural and Molecular Biology
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Structural Biology
  • Molecular Biology


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