Structural characterization, optical and magnetic properties of Ni-doped CdO dilute magnetic semiconductor nanoparticles

Tokeer Ahmad, Sarvari Khatoon, Kelsey Coolahan, Samuel Lofland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

A simple and modified solvothermal method using oxalate precursor, used to synthesize Cd1-xNi xO (x = 0.047, 0.102, and 0.163) nanoparticles and their phase structure, morphology, optical and magnetic properties, have been investigated. X-ray diffraction studies revealed that as-prepared Ni-doped CdO solid solutions are highly crystalline and stabilized in a monophasic cubic CdO structure. X-ray diffraction and ICP-MS studies confirmed the incorporation of Ni2+ in a CdO matrix. The average grain size was found to be 30, 15, and 11 nm, respectively, using transmission electron microscopic studies. High surface area in the range of 118-143 m 2/g has been achieved for these solid solutions using the multipoint BET method, which increases on increasing Ni concentration in Cd lattice site. The optical band gap of these solid solutions shows red shift to the undoped CdO. Ni-doped CdO nanoparticles exhibit co-existence of paramagnetism and ferromagnetism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1245-1253
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Materials Research
Volume28
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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