We consider a high-dimension low sample-size multivariate regression problem that accounts for correlation of the response variables. The system is underdetermined as there are more parameters than samples. We show that the maximum likelihood approach with covariance estimation is senseless because the likelihood diverges. We subsequently propose a normalization of the likelihood function that guarantees convergence. We call this method small-sample multivariate regression with covariance (SMURC) estimation. We derive an optimization problem and its convex approximation to compute SMURC. Simulation results show that the proposed algorithm outperforms the regularized likelihood estimator with known covariance matrix and the sparse conditional Gaussian graphical model. We also apply SMURC to the inference of the wing-muscle gene network of the Drosophila melanogaster (fruit fly).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Computer Science Applications
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Health Information Management