Significance of production of peptide leukotrienes in murine traumatic shock

D. V. Craft, D. J. Lefer, C. E. Hock, A. M. Lefer

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14 Scopus citations

Abstract

We studied the formation of a leukotriene metabolite in plasma and bile during traumatic shock. Anesthetized rats subjected to Noble-Collip drum trauma developed a lethal shock state characterized by a survival time of 1.9 ± 0.3 h, a 4.5-fold increase in plasma cathepsin D activity, and a reduction in mean arterial blood pressure to 45 ± 2 mmHg compared with 108 ± 5 mmHg in sham-shock controls. Plasma and bile samples were analyzed by reverse-phase high-pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC) for peptide leukotrienes (e.g., LTC4, LTD4, and LTE4), and their retention times were confirmed by co-elution with radioactive standards, radioimmunoassay (RIA), and UV-spectrophotometry. No leukotrienes or metabolites were found in plasma. The major peptide leukotriene from bile was eluted between LTC4 and LTD4 and corresponds to a metabolite of LTE4, N-acetyl-LTE4, which is also produced during endotoxin shock. The metabolite increased nearly sevenfold in traumatic shock compared with sham trauma. The identity of the metabolite was confirmed by UV scan, which revealed a spectrum consistent with a peptide leukotriene and similar to that of previously reported spectra for N-acetyl-LTE4. In conclusion, peptide leukotrienes are rapidly cleared from the blood and appear in the bile as N-acetyl-LTE4, a metabolite of the peptide leukotrienes. These findings support a role of the peptide leukotrienes in the pathogenesis of traumatic shock.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H80-H85
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume251
Issue number1 (20/1)
DOIs
StatePublished - 1986
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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