Gas transmission pipelines in the United States are primarily inspected using the magnetic flux leakage (MFL) nondestructive evaluation (NDE) technique. However, accurate analysis of the NDE signals in terms of the underlying defects requires a thorough knowledge of various operational parameters such as B-H characteristics of the pipe wall, the velocity of the scanning tool, etc. In certain situations, information about such operational parameters is either absent or hard to obtain. Appropriate signal processing techniques can be applied to the raw MFL signals to ensure that defect characterization is possible in spite of local variations in the test situation. This paper presents two such signal processing methods—one, to compensate the MFL signal for variations in pipe-material grade, and the other to remove the effects of signal distortion that occur due to the velocity of the scanning device.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering