SiCO-doped carbon fibers with unique dual superhydrophilicity/ superoleophilicity and ductile and capacitance properties

Ping Lu, Qing Huang, Amiya Mukherjee, You Lo Hsieh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Silicon oxycarbide (SiCO) glass-doped carbon fibers with an average diameter of 163 nm were successfully synthesized by electrospinning polymer mixtures of preceramic precursor polyureasilazane (PUS) and carbon precursor polyacrylonitrile (PAN) into fibers then converting to ceramic/carbon hybrid via cross-linking, stabilization, and pyrolysis at temperatures up to 1000 °C. The transformation of PUS/PAN polymer precursors to SiCO/carbon structures was confirmed by EDS and FTIR. Both carbon and SiCO/carbon fibers were amorphous and slightly oxidized. Doping with SiCO enhanced the thermal stability of carbon fibers and acquired new ductile behavior in the SiCO/carbon fibers with significantly improved flexibility and breaking elongation. Furthermore, the SiCO/carbon fibers exhibited dual superhydrophilicity and superoleophilicity with water and decane absorbing capacities of 873 and 608%, respectively. The cyclic voltammetry also showed that SiCO/carbon composite fibers possess better capacitor properties than carbon fibers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3738-3744
Number of pages7
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Volume2
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 22 2010
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)

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