Self-Efficacy Beliefs, Classroom Management, and the Cradle-to-Prison Pipeline

Lori Ann Delale-O’Connor, Adam J. Alvarez, Ira E. Murray, H. Richard Milner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


In this article, we focus on connections between and among teachers’ self-efficacy beliefs, classroom management practices, and the cradle to prison pipeline. Drawing from Bandura’s (1986) theorization of self-efficacy, we discuss how teachers’ beliefs shape their classroom management practices and how these beliefs and practices can be essential sites to understanding and decreasing disparate outcomes in disciplinary referral patterns among practicing teachers. We emphasize the importance of building teachers’ self-efficacy beliefs and sense of efficacy to inform their classroom management practices/decisions. In particular, we focus on three sites of learning that, we argue, are essential to building teachers’ sense of efficacy in the classroom: learning about and building powerful and sustainable relationships with students; learning about and developing an understanding of outside of school contexts that students experience; and recognizing and appropriately responding to traumatic experiences of students.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)178-186
Number of pages9
JournalTheory into Practice
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 3 2017
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Education


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