This work aims to give an insight into the influence of crystal structure (for a system containing same elements but crystallizing in different structures) and the effect of electrical polarization on these oxides on the performance of oxygen evolution reaction (OER). We have tried to highlight this influence by taking the Bi-Fe-O system for the study. Herein, we have synthesized three structures of the Bi-Fe-O system viz. BiFeO3 (perovskite structure), Bi2Fe4O9 (mullite structure), and Bi25FeO40 (sillenite structure) as an example to establish the relation. These oxides were characterized by Rietveld refinement for structure and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) for morphology. Their optical and magnetic properties were also investigated. Systematic studies were carried out with both as-synthesized and electrically polarized oxides for their performance towards OER. We observed that the order for OER activity (using non-polarized catalyst) of the three stable structures synthesized was Bi2Fe4O9 > BiFeO3> Bi25FeO40, which was attributed to the presence of Fe(oct)-O-Fe(td) linkages in Bi2Fe4O9. While the current density of Bi2Fe4O9 and BiFeO3 remained unchanged after poling, that of Bi25FeO40 increased by four-fold. From the study, we have demonstrated that proper choice of the crystal structure and utilization of electrical polarization can be effective strategies to manipulate the surfaces of an electrocatalytic material.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)