At present there are two recognized members of the ROS-GC subfamily of membrane guanylate cyclases. They are ROS-GC1 and ROS-GC2. A distinctive feature of this family is that its members are not switched on by the extracellular peptide hormones; instead, they are modulated by intracellular Ca2+ signals, consistent to their linkage with phototransduction. An intriguing feature of ROS-GC1, which distinguishes it from ROS-GC2, is that it has two Ca2+ switches. One switch inhibits the enzyme at micromolar concentrations of Ca2+, as in phototransduction; the other, stimulates. The stimulatory switch, most likely, is linked to retinal synaptic activity. Thus, ROS-GC1 is linked to both phototransduction and the synaptic activity. The present study describes (1) the almost complete structural identity of 18.5 kb ROS-GC1 gene; (2) its structural organization: the gene is composed of 20 exons and 19 introns with classical GT/AG boundaries; (3) the activity of the ROS-GC1 promoter assayed through luciferase reporter in COS cells; and (4) induction of the gene by phorbol ester, a protein kinase C (PKC) activator. The co-presence of PKC and ROS-GC1 in photoreceptors suggests that regulation of the ROS-GC1 gene by PKC might be a physiologically relevant phenomenon.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Cell Biology