Recent advancements in design of nucleic acid nanocarriers for controlled drug delivery

Robert J. Mosley, Brendan Rucci, Mark E. Byrne

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Research of nanoscale nucleic acid carriers has garnered attention in recent years due to their distinctive and controllable properties. However, current knowledge is limited in how we can efficiently utilize these systems for clinical applications. Several researchers have pioneered new and innovative nanocarrier drug delivery systems, but understanding physiochemical properties and behavior in vivo is vital to implementing them as clinical drug delivery platforms. In this review, we outline the most significant innovations in the synthesis, physical properties, and utilization of nucleic acid nanocarriers in the past 5 years, addressing the crucial properties which improve nanocarrier characteristics, delivery, and drug release. The challenges of controlling the transport of nucleic acid nanocarriers and therapeutic release for biological applications are outlined. Barriers which inhibit effective transport into tissue are discussed with emphasis on the modifications needed to overcome such obstacles. The novel strategies discussed in this work summarize the pivotal features of modern nucleic nanocarriers and postulate where future developments could revolutionize the translation of these tools into a clinical setting.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2078-2094
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry B
Volume11
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 14 2023
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • General Materials Science

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