There are few cognitive screening tools appropriate for fast-paced settings with limited staffing, and particularly in preoperative evaluation clinics. The Society for Perioperative Assessment and Quality Improvement (SPAQI) convened experts in neuropsychology, geriatric medicine, and anesthesiology to conduct a review of the literature and compile a comprehensive list of cognitive screening tools used within primary care and preoperative settings. This Recommendations Statement: 1. summarizes a review of the literature on existing cognitive screening tools used within preoperative settings; 2. discusses factors to consider when selecting cognitive screening tools in a preoperative environment; and 3. includes a work flow diagram to guide use of these screening measures. Methodology involved reviewing PubMed for 27 cognitive screening tools which were identified from the literature that fit inclusion criteria. Of these 27, seven tests have been used in preoperative settings and are discussed. These seven had an average administration time ranging from one to ten minutes. These seven had an average administration time ranging from one to ten minutes. Memory, language, and attention were the most commonly evaluated cognitive domains. Most had adequate sensitivity and specificity to detect cognitive impairment/dementia. While information on the psychometric properties of these tools is limited, the tools discussed are appropriate for lay examiners, are short in duration, and accessible for free or at a low cost. We describe factors that must be considered prior to instrument selection.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine