Canavan disease (CD), an autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disorder, is caused by mutations in the aspartoacylase (ASPA) gene. In the present study, the ASPA gene was analyzed in 24 non-Jewish patients with CD from 23 unrelated families. Within this cohort, we found three large novel deletions of approximate 92, 56, and 12.13 kb in length, using both self-ligation of restriction endonuclease-digested DNA fragments with long-distance inverse PCR and multiplex dosage quantitative PCR analysis of genomic DNA. The 92 kb large deletion results in complete absence of the ASPA gene in one homozygous and one compound heterozygous patient, respectively. The 56 kb large deletion causes absence of the majority of the ASPA gene except for exon 1 alone in a compound heterozygous patient. The 12.13 kb deletion involves deletion of the ASPA gene from intron 3 to intron 5 including exons 4 and 5 (I3 to E4E5I5) in a compound heterozygous patient. Patients with the three large deletions clinically manifested severe symptoms at birth, including seizures. Our study showed that the combined use of long-distance inverse PCR and multiplex dosage quantitative PCR analysis of genomic DNA is a helpful and rapid technique to search for large deletions, particularly for detection of large deletions in compound heterozygous patients.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Molecular Biology