Profiles of Personal Resiliency in Youth Who Have Experienced Physical or Sexual Abuse

Esther Deblinger, Melissa K. Runyon, Robert A. Steer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

To determine whether children and adolescents (7-17 years old) who had experienced physical, sexual, or both types of abuse reflected distinct profiles of personal resiliency, we administered the Resiliency Scales for Children and Adolescents (RSCA) to 250 youth. We performed cluster analyses with T scores for the RSCA Self-Mastery, Relatedness, and Emotional Reactivity scales, and four profiles of resiliency representing high (20%), average (28%), and slightly below-average (30%) resiliency, and high vulnerability (22%) were identified. The youth with the high vulnerability profile described themselves as more depressed and were rated by their parents as having more internalizing and externalizing problems than the youth with high resiliency. We propose different treatment approaches that might be used with youth representing each of the four different profiles.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)558-566
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Psychoeducational Assessment
Volume32
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2014

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Education
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychology(all)

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