Prediction error filters which combine short-time prediction (formant prediction) with long-time prediction (pitch prediction) in a cascade connection are examined. A number of different solution methods (autocorrelation, covarianee, Burg) and implementations (transversal and lattice) are considered. It is found that the F-P cascade (formant filter before the pitch filter) outperforms the P-F cascade for both transversal- and lattice-structured predictors. The performances of the transversal and lattice forms are similar. The solution method that yields a transversal structure requires a stability test and, if necessary, a consequent stabilization. The lattice form allows for a solution method which ensures a stable synthesis filter. Simplified solution methods are shown to be applicable for the pitch filter (multitap case) in an F-P cascade. Furthermore, new methods to estimate the appropriate pitch lag for a pitch filter are proposed for both transversal and lattice structures. These methods perform essentially as well as an exhaustive search in an F-P cascade. Finally, the two cascade forms are implemented as part of an APC coder to evaluate their relative subjective performance.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing|
|State||Published - Apr 1989|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Signal Processing