Physical therapy management for the patient with HIV: Lower extremity challenges

M. L. Galantino, R. T. Jermyn, F. J. Tursi, S. Eke-Okoro

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Disability assessment and rehabilitation intervention have implications for specific stages of HIV disease, with the intention of maximizing overall function and decreasing the burden of care. The AIDS epidemic has challenged communities to develop and to mobilize care networks for persons infected with HIV. A major part of that mobilization has been a push toward community and home-based services. Reliable and valid functional assessment data are necessary to evaluate HIV-related disability changes over time for patients in the hospital and at home. Epidemiologic data also hold implications for rehabilitation healthcare workers in terms of expertise in HIV-specific areas and on the staffing level. Access to rehabilitation services will need to be considered by public policymakers and financial concerns will need to be explored. Because individuals with HIV and AIDS are living longer and with greater levels of health, the chronicity of the disease warrants community support and long-term care. Various functional and quality-of-life measures can assist in the development of resources and medical interventions. As survival increases, rehabilitation professionals can anticipate more referrals for the assessment and management of physical disability in persons with HIV infection. A critical task for health service research is to ensure that HIV healthcare settings deliver optimum services at reasonable costs. Optimal care requires maximizing autonomous functioning and reducing periods of disability and dependence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)329-346
Number of pages18
JournalClinics in Podiatric Medicine and Surgery
Volume15
Issue number2
StatePublished - May 11 1998

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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