The gene for familial chondrocalcinosis (MIM 118600; gene symbol CCAL2) has been localized to a 0.8-cM interval on the short arm of chromosome 5, between the polymorphic microsatellite markers D5S416 and D5S2114. We have undertaken the physical and transcript mapping of this interval, as well as regions telomeric to the interval, in an attempt to define ultimately the gene for this disorder. The physical map is composed of YAC, BAC, PAC, and cosmid resources and spans a physical distance of approximately 0.3 Mb. Using cDNA selection, we have identified eight novel transcripts in and around the interval; two of the selected transcripts reside in the candidate interval. We have also more precisely placed several expressed sequence tags (ESTs) that were previously mapped by radiation hybrid analysis and were reported to reside in or near the candidate interval. Two of the ESTs analyzed overlap with the selected cDNAs that reside in the candidate interval. All of the selected cDNAs are expressed partial transcripts, as determined by Northern blot analysis, and using RTPCR analysis, we have determined that the cDNAs that reside in the candidate interval are expressed in cartilage and synovium, tissues that are presumably relevant to the chondrocalcinosis phenotype.
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