Pedestrian evacuation modeling and simulation in multi-exit scenarios

Dezhen Zhang, Gaoyue Huang, Chengtao Ji, Huiying Liu, Ying Tang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


This paper proposes a multi-exit evacuation model based on a continuous model for the pedestrian evacuation problem. Firstly, it is determined that the distance between pedestrians and exits, the pedestrian density near exits, and the width of exits are the main factors for exit selection. A pedestrian multi-exit selection model is defined by taking the three factors into account. Secondly, a pedestrian evacuation model is constructed by considering the impact of pedestrian psychological factors on expected speed and exit attractiveness. Finally, the multi-exit evacuation is simulated, and the pedestrian evacuation process is tested on three conditions. The effects of pedestrian density near the exit and the width of exit are analyzed on the final simulation. The simulation results show that the evacuation model can effectively simulate the pedestrian evacuation process in multi-exit scenarios.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number126272
JournalPhysica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications
StatePublished - Nov 15 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Statistics and Probability
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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