Palmitoyl‐dl‐carnitine has calcium‐dependent effects on cultured neurones from rat dorsal root ganglia

Simon R. Stapleton, Kevin P.M. Currie, Roderick H. Scott, B. Anthony Bell

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Abstract

The effects of palmitoyl‐dl‐carnitine (0.01 to 1 mm) on whole cell voltage‐activated calcium channel currents carried by calcium or barium and Ca2+‐activated chloride currents were studied in cultured neurones from rat dorsal root ganglia. Palmitoyl‐dl‐carnitine applied to the extracellular environment or intracellularly via the patch solution reduced Ca2+ currents activated over a wide voltage range from a holding potential of −90 mV. Inhibition of high voltage activated Ca2+ channel currents was dependent on intracellular Ca2+ buffering and was reduced by increasing the EGTA concentration from 2 to 10 mm in the patch solution. Barium currents were significantly less sensitive to palmitoyl‐dl‐carnitine than Ca2+ currents. The amplitude of Ca2+‐activated Cl tail currents was reduced by palmitoyl‐dl‐carnitine. However, the duration of these Cl currents was greatly prolonged by palmitoyl‐dl‐carnitine, suggesting slower removal of free Ca2+ from the cytoplasm following Ca2+ entry through voltage‐activated channels. Palmitoyl‐dl‐carnitine evoked Ca2+‐dependent inward currents which could be promoted by activation of the residual voltage‐activated Ca2+ currents and attenuated by intracellular application of EGTA. We conclude that palmitoyl‐dl‐carnitine reduced the efficiency of intracellular Ca2+ handling in cultured dorsal root ganglion neurones and resulted in enhancement of Ca2+‐dependent events including inactivation of voltage‐activated Ca2+ currents. The activation of inward currents by palmitoyl‐dl‐carnitine may involve Ca2+‐induced Ca2+ release from intracellular stores, or direct interaction of palmitoyl‐dl‐carnitine with Ca2+ stores. 1992 British Pharmacological Society

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1192-1197
Number of pages6
JournalBritish Journal of Pharmacology
Volume107
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1992

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacology

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