On zero water discharge solutions in the process industry

Anantha P.R. Koppol, Miguel J. Bagajewicz, Brian J. Dericks, Mariano J. Savelski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

112 Scopus citations


This paper presents a mathematical programming approach to analyze the feasibility of zero liquid discharge option in different industries. Mathematical programming methodologies are applied to four industrial cases-a tricresyl phosphate plant, an ethyl chloride plant, a paper mill and a refinery. In each case study various end of pipe and regeneration configurations using different treatment technologies are explored to determine the possibility of zero liquid discharge and its economical feasibility. The results show that the relationship between the cost of regeneration and the cost of freshwater as well as the discharge concentration of the treatment is the determining factor for the feasibility of zero liquid discharge.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)151-171
Number of pages21
JournalAdvances in Environmental Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 1 2004

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Environmental Science


Dive into the research topics of 'On zero water discharge solutions in the process industry'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this