Normal personality characteristics in schizophrenia: A review of the literature involving the FFM

Thomas J. Dinzeo, Nancy M. Docherty

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

Schizophrenia is generally viewed as a disruption of normal functioning because of an underlying core illness. A number of theorists have speculated that this core illness may unilaterally disrupt normal personality functioning. However, recent data suggests that the relationship may be more complex and reciprocal than previously conceptualized. Furthermore, basic personality characteristics appear to be associated with numerous clinical phenomena. This article reviews the empirical literature pertaining to normal personality characteristics [structured around the five-factor model (FFM) of personality] in individuals with schizophrenia. Evidence suggests that certain personality characteristics may be uniquely related to the etiology of psychosis, as well as symptom severity, occupational functioning, cigarette smoking, substance use and violent behavior, social isolation, and suicidality in patients with schizophrenia. The implications of these findings and suggestions for future research are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)421-429
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Nervous and Mental Disease
Volume195
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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