New Low-Dimensional Quaternary Sulfides NaCuMS2 (M = Mn, Fe, Co, and Zn) with the CaAl2Si2-Type Structure: Synthesis and Properties

M. Oledzka, K. V. Ramanujachary, M. Greenblatt

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Abstract

The synthesis, structure, and electronic properties of a series of new quaternary layered sulfides, NaCuMS2 (M = Mn, Fe, Co, Zn) are reported. The synthesis was accomplished by sulfurization of a mixture of oxide or sulfide and carbonate precursors of the corresponding metals by nitrogen gas charged with CS2. All of the phases crystallize in the trigonal CaAl2Si2-type structure in space group P3m1. The electrical resistivity measurements show that all of the new phases are semiconducting, with room-temperature resistivities ρRT varying from 6.2 × 10-1 to 5 × 10-2 Ω·cm, depending upon the transition metal M. The magnetic susceptibility measurements indicate the presence of localized Mn2+ ions in NaCuMnS2. The NaCuMS2 (M = Fe, Co) phases display temperature-independent paramagnetism, whereas the NaCuZnS2 phase is diamagnetic as expected. In addition, detailed low-temperature magnetic studies of the NaCuFeS2 phase revealed spin-glass-type behavior with the freezing temperature Tf ∼ 50 K.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)322-328
Number of pages7
JournalChemistry of Materials
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1998

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Chemistry

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