Nanostructured dimagnesium manganese oxide (Spinel): Control of size, shape and their magnetic and electro catalytic properties

Neha Garg, Menaka, Kandalam V. Ramanujachary, Samuel E. Lofland, Ashok K. Ganguli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Tetravalent Mn based ternary oxides are of interest as they are important electrode materials. Dimagnesium manganate (Mg 2MnO 4) is one Mn(IV) containing oxide which has been of interest. Nanostructures of the above oxide (spinel) have been obtained by the thermal decomposition of nanostructured metal oxalate precursor at 500 °C. The size and anisotropy of the oxide nanostructures was controlled by choosing appropriate decomposition temperature of the oxalate precursor. Mg 2MnO 4 nanorods were obtained at low temperature (500 °C), formed by aligned nanoparticles of size∼8-10 nm. These nanoparticles show Curie-Weiss behavior with Weiss constant (14 K). Below ∼50 K there is a small deviation resulting in a negative Weiss constant (-7.36 K) indicating exchange cross over (from ferromagnetic like interactions to antiferromagnetic interactions). The high temperature magnetic moment corresponds to Mn (IV). Electrochemical experiments show that nanostructured Mg 2MnO 4 is an efficient anode material for oxygen evolution reaction with a current density of 14 mA/cm 2. The stability of the anode over several cycles of oxidation and reduction is highly encouraging.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)392-397
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Solid State Chemistry
Volume197
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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