The use of nanotechnology in the modification of textile surfaces has attracted much interest in recent years. In this chapter, we briefly review several common nanotechnologies, including: liquid phase deposition, Langmuir Blodgett films, the sol-gel technique, physical vapor deposition, chemical vapor deposition, and plasma surface modification. We then focus our interest on the newly developed layer-by-layer (LbL) technique. LbL methods, key principles, mechanisms and experimental considerations for textile materials are introduced and discussed. The LbL technique has been applied to modify the surfaces of both traditional textile fibers and electrospun nanofibers. Furthermore, nanotubes or hollow fibers have been fabricated using the LbL method. These preliminary results have demonstrated the versatility of the LbL technique for the modification of textile surfaces.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)