Objectives: Our pilot study investigated the association between region-specific myocardial tissue temperature and tissue salvage using a novel tri-lumen cooling catheter to provide rapid localized cooling directly to the heart in an open-chest porcine model of ischemia–reperfusion. Background: Therapeutic hypothermia remains a promising strategy to limit reperfusion injury following myocardial ischemia. Methods: Large swine underwent 60 min of coronary occlusion followed by 3 hr of reperfusion. Prior to inducing ischemia, six temperature probes were placed directly on the heart, monitoring myocardial temperatures in different locations. Hemodynamic parameters and core temperature were also collected. Approximately 15 min prior to reperfusion, the cooling catheter was inserted via femoral artery and the distal tip advanced proximal to the occluded coronary vessel under fluoroscopic guidance. Autologous blood was pulled from the animal via femoral sheath and delivered through the central lumen of the cooling catheter, delivering at 50 ml/min, 27°C at the distal tip. Cooling was continued for an additional 25 min after reperfusion followed by a 5-min controlled rewarming. Hearts were excised and assessed for infarct size per area at risk. Results: Although cooling catheter performance was consistent throughout the study (38 W), the resulting tissue cooling was not. Our results show a correlation between myocardial tissue salvage and ischemic border region (IBR) temperature at the time of reperfusion (R2 = 0.59, p = 0.027). IBR tissue is the tissue located at the boundary between healthy and ischemic tissues. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that localized, rapid, short-term myocardial tissue cooling has the potential to limit reperfusion injury in humans.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine