Molecularly imprinted polymers via living radical polymerization: Relating increased structural homogeneity to improved template binding parameters

Vishal D. Salian, Charles J. White, Mark E. Byrne

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    12 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    This work examined imprinted polymer networks prepared via controlled/living radical polymerization (LRP) and conventional radical polymerization (CRP) on chain growth, network formation, and efficiency of producing molecularly imprinted, macromolecular memory sites for the template molecule, diclofenac sodium. LRP extended the reaction-controlled regime of the polymerization reaction and formed more homogeneous polymer chains and networks with smaller mesh sizes. In addition, LRP negated the effect of the template on polymer chain growth resulting in polymers with a more consistent PDI independent of template concentration in the pre-polymerization solution. Improved network homogeneity within imprinted poly(HEMA-co-DEAEM-co-PEG200DMA) networks prepared via LRP resulted in a 38% increase in template binding affinity and 43% increase in the template binding over imprinted networks prepared via CRP and a 97% increase in affinity and 130% increase in capacity over non-imprinted networks prepared by LRP. By varying certain parameters, it was possible to create imprinted networks with even higher template binding affinities (155% over non-imprinted) and capacities (261% over non-imprinted). This work is the first to conclusively demonstrate that the observed improvement in binding parameters in weakly crosslinked, imprinted polymer networks could be explained by the more uniform molecular weight evolution associated with the LRP mechanism and the longer lifetime of an active polymer chain relative to the total polymerization time, which allowed for the formation of a more homogenous imprinted polymer network.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)38-46
    Number of pages9
    JournalReactive and Functional Polymers
    Volume78
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    StatePublished - May 2014

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Chemistry(all)
    • Environmental Chemistry
    • Biochemistry
    • Chemical Engineering(all)
    • Polymers and Plastics
    • Materials Chemistry

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