Metal-Organic Precursor Synthesis, Structural Characterization, and Multiferroic Properties of GdFeO3Nanoparticles

Irfan H. Lone, Huma Khan, Arvind K. Jain, Jahangeer Ahmed, Kandalam V. Ramanujachary, Tokeer Ahmad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


GdFeO3nanoparticles were fabricated by a facile metal-organic precursor method using citric acid as a complexing agent. The phase purity and structural analysis by powder X-ray diffraction and FTIR studies indicates that the material is highly crystalline with an orthorhombic structure. Electron microscopic (TEM and SEM) studies of rare earth ferrites reveal worm-shaped nanoparticles with an average grain size of 95 nm. The high-resolution TEM study provides an insightful image, which shows an interplanar spacing of approximately 0.12 nm that corresponds to the (112) crystalline plane. A high surface area of 231.5 m2g-1has been achieved with a mesoporous texture, which in turn gives a high dielectric constant. Well-defined hysteresis is obtained with a saturation magnetization of 17.5 emu g-1, remanent magnetization of 3.9 emu g-1, and coercive field of -446 Oe. Room-temperature ferroelectricity in GdFeO3nanoparticles has been found for the first time with no leaky current and hence may be used in multistate memory devices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)33908-33915
Number of pages8
JournalACS Omega
Issue number38
StatePublished - Sep 27 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering


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