Membrane pervaporation process for diacetone alcohol - Water separations

C. Stewart Slater, Timothy Schurmann, Joshua MacMillian, Angela Zimarowski

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Membrane pervaporation is a very effective technology for organic solvent-water separations in specialty chemical manufacture. It has the ability to perform solvent dehydrations and produce solvents of high purity without complex distillations. Pervaporation has been successfully utilized in the dehydration of diacetone alcohol (DAA)-water mixtures. The use of a polyvinylalcohol membrane was quite selective for the parameters studied. At benchmark processing conditions of feed concentration of 90% DAA, 50°C and 2 mm Hg (abs) permeate-side pressure, water selectivity was 169.9 and total flux was 0.26 kg/sq m2-hr. Feed temperature affected flux in an exponential manner. Data correlated well, and empirical models were developed. The model predicts that a membrane area of 85 sq m is needed to achieve a final product purity of 99% DAA from a feed of 90% DAA. This is an abstract of a paper presented at the AIChE Annual Meeting and Fall Showcase (Cincinnati, OH 10/30/2005-11/4/2005).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication05AIChE
Subtitle of host publication2005 AIChE Annual Meeting and Fall Showcase, Conference Proceedings
PublisherAmerican Institute of Chemical Engineers
Volume2005
ISBN (Print)0816909962, 9780816909964
StatePublished - Jan 1 2005
Event05AIChE: 2005 AIChE Annual Meeting and Fall Showcase - Cincinnati, OH, United States
Duration: Oct 30 2005Nov 4 2005

Other

Other05AIChE: 2005 AIChE Annual Meeting and Fall Showcase
CountryUnited States
CityCincinnati, OH
Period10/30/0511/4/05

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Energy(all)

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  • Cite this

    Slater, C. S., Schurmann, T., MacMillian, J., & Zimarowski, A. (2005). Membrane pervaporation process for diacetone alcohol - Water separations. In 05AIChE: 2005 AIChE Annual Meeting and Fall Showcase, Conference Proceedings (Vol. 2005). American Institute of Chemical Engineers.