Measurement and antecedents of national resilience in Filipino adults during coronavirus crisis

Carmelo Callueng, John Jamir Benzon R. Aruta, Benedict G. Antazo, Alelie Briones-Diato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Resilience is a broad concept that encompasses individual and social resources to thrive from difficult circumstances. The resilience that occurs as a collective effort or country-wide phenomenon is referred to as national resilience (NR), which connotes the ability of a nation to deal with crises while keeping its social fabric intact. Like the rest of the world, the Philippines has been greatly impacted by the coronavirus pandemic and we argue that a stable and robust NR is needed to bounce back from the challenges and adversities of the crisis. This pioneering study on NR in Filipino adults was conducted to achieve two aims (1) assess the psychometric properties of the Filipino adapted National Resilience Scale (NRS-Filipino) and (2) determine demographic and psychological variables that influence NR. Data from 401 participants yielded an exploratory factor analysis with a good model fit for a four-factor solution that is similar to the original National Resilience Assessment Scale. NRS-Filipino also demonstrated acceptable reliability and convergent validity. Among the variables purported to be associated with NR, community resilience, and political attitude came out as strong predictors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2608-2624
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Community Psychology
Issue number8
StatePublished - Nov 1 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology


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