The present study describes the synthesis of ZnMn2O4 nanoparticles with the spinel structure. These oxide nanoparticles are obtained from the decomposition of metal oxalate precursors synthesized by (a) the reverse micellar and (b) the coprecipitation methods. Our studies reveal that the shape, size and morphology of precursors and oxides vary significantly with the method of synthesis. The oxalate precursors prepared from the reverse micellar synthesis method were in the form of rods (micron size), whereas the coprecipitation method led to spherical nanoparticles of size, 40-50 nm. Decomposition of oxalate precursors at low temperature (∼ 450°C) yielded phase pure ZnMn2O4 nanoparticles. The size of the nanoparticles of ZnMn2O4 obtained from reverse micellar method is relatively much smaller (20-30 nm) as compared to those made by the co-precipitation (40-50 nm) method. Magnetic studies of nanocrystalline ZnMn2O4 confirm antiferro- magnetic ordering in the broad range of ∼ 150 K. The photocatalytic activity of ZnMn2O 4 nanoparticles was evaluated using photo-oxidation of methyl orange dye under UV illumination and compared with nanocrystal- line TiO2.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Mechanics of Materials