Low-temperature transport properties of nanolaminates Ti3AlC2 and Ti4AlN3

P. Finkel, M. W. Barsoum, J. D. Hettinger, S. E. Lofland, H. I. Yoo

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In this paper we report on the electronic and magnetotransport properties of two Ti-based ternaries, Ti3AlC2 and Ti4AlN3. In order to determine the effective carrier concentrations and their mobilities, the Hall effect, electrical conductivity, thermoelectric power, magnetic susceptibility, and magnetoresistance were measured as a function of temperature between 4 and 300 K and at magnetic fields up to 9 T. For Ti3AlC2, the Hall voltage is a linear function of magnetic field at all temperatures. At the lowest temperatures, the Hall coefficient is small but positive; above 100 K it is negative and drops more or less linearly with temperature. The magnetoresistance of Ti3AlC2 is dominated by a positive quadratic field dependence. The magnetic susceptibility is nearly constant but displays a weak maximum around the temperature at which the Hall effect changes sign (≈100 K). In contrast, the Seebeck coefficient remains positive up to 800 K, with a maximum at 700 K. The results were analyzed within a two-band framework assuming a temperature-independent charge-carrier density and a hole mobility that is slightly smaller than the electron mobility. The model quantitatively accounts for our observations. The resistivity, magnetoresistance, and Hall coefficient of Ti4AlN3, on the other hand, were successfully described within the single-band model, with holes as the dominant charge carriers. This was supported by measurements of the Seebeck coefficient, which is positive and peaks at ≈300 K. The magnetic susceptibility of Ti4AlN3 is also quite temperature independent.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number23
StatePublished - Jun 23 2003

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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