Lipoxin A4 promotes reduction and antibiotic efficacy against Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm

J. M. Thornton, J. M. Walker, P. Y.Kadiyam Sundarasivarao, B. W. Spur, A. Rodriguez, K. Yin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) is an opportunistic bacterium commonly found in wound infections and airways of cystic fibrosis patients. P. aeruginosa readily forms biofilms which can reduce the efficacy of antibiotics used to eradicate the pathogen. We have previously shown that a Specialized Pro-resolving Mediator (SPM), Lipoxin A4 (LxA4) is a quorum sensing inhibitor which can reduce P. aeruginosa virulence. In this study, we examined the direct actions of LxA4 and RvD2 on P. aeruginosa biofilm formation and virulence gene expression. The influence of LxA4 on antibiotic efficacy and the combined effects on biofilm formation were also investigated. LxA4 and RvD2 reduced P. aeruginosa biofilm formation and virulence gene expression. LxA4 increased ciprofloxacin inhibition on biofilm formation but did not affect ciprofloxacin's action on non-adherent bacteria. On the other hand, LxA4 increased bacterial killing action of imipenem but did not affect imipenem's action on biofilm. We also found that LxA4 can increase ciprofloxacin's bacterial killing ability in established biofilm. Together these results suggest that LxA4 has direct effects on P. aeruginosa biofilm formation and can increase antibiotic efficacy directly.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number106505
JournalProstaglandins and Other Lipid Mediators
Volume152
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology
  • Pharmacology
  • Cell Biology

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