Lamprey Fibrinogen y Chain: Cloning, cDNA Sequencing, and General Characterization

D. D. Strong, M. Moore, B. A. Cottrell, V. L. Bohonus, M. Pontes, B. Evans, M. Riley, R. F. Doolittle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A cDNA library from lamprey liver was constructed in pBR322 and screened with a synthetic mixed oligonucleotide probe, the sequence of which was based on a partial amino acid sequence of the lamprey fibrinogen γ chain determined by conventional procedures. Among the positive clones was one containing a 600-base insert that covered the carboxy-terminal third of the chain and another with a 1950-base insert that stretched more than full length. The two inserts were sequenced by the Maxam-Gilbert procedure. The DNA sequencing was corroborated by reference to the amino acid sequences of five cyanogen bromide peptides that compose the carboxy-terminal 130 amino acids, as well as to a number of tryptic peptides from elsewhere in the molecule. The clone with the smaller insert (6G) contained 594 nucleotides (not counting G and C tails), 435 of which are coding and correspond to residues 264-408 of the 7 chain. The remaining 159 nucleotides included the terminator codon followed by a noncoding segment. The larger clone (2E) coded for 408 amino acids that could be readily aligned with the 411-residue human 7 chain. A 24-residue signal peptide adjacent to the proposed amino terminal was also inferred. The amino acid sequence of the fibrinogen 7 chain has been differentially conserved during evolution, the lamprey and human sequences being more than 70% identical in certain key regions but dropping to less than 25% in other sections, including the segment thought to be a part of the "coiled coils". Overall, the resemblance amounts to 50% identity. Of the 10 cysteines found in mammalian chains, 9 are at identical positions, but the tenth, which in mammalian fibrinogens is a part of the interdimeric bridging, is absent in the lamprey.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)92-101
Number of pages10
JournalBiochemistry
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1985

Fingerprint

Lampreys
Cloning
Fibrinogen
Organism Cloning
Complementary DNA
Amino Acids
Amino Acid Sequence
Clone Cells
Nucleotides
Cyanogen Bromide
Peptides
Oligonucleotide Probes
Terminator Codon
Protein Sorting Signals
Gene Library
DNA Sequence Analysis
Cysteine
Tail
Liver
Molecules

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

Strong, D. D., Moore, M., Cottrell, B. A., Bohonus, V. L., Pontes, M., Evans, B., ... Doolittle, R. F. (1985). Lamprey Fibrinogen y Chain: Cloning, cDNA Sequencing, and General Characterization. Biochemistry, 24(1), 92-101. https://doi.org/10.1021/bi00322a014
Strong, D. D. ; Moore, M. ; Cottrell, B. A. ; Bohonus, V. L. ; Pontes, M. ; Evans, B. ; Riley, M. ; Doolittle, R. F. / Lamprey Fibrinogen y Chain : Cloning, cDNA Sequencing, and General Characterization. In: Biochemistry. 1985 ; Vol. 24, No. 1. pp. 92-101.
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Strong, DD, Moore, M, Cottrell, BA, Bohonus, VL, Pontes, M, Evans, B, Riley, M & Doolittle, RF 1985, 'Lamprey Fibrinogen y Chain: Cloning, cDNA Sequencing, and General Characterization', Biochemistry, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 92-101. https://doi.org/10.1021/bi00322a014

Lamprey Fibrinogen y Chain : Cloning, cDNA Sequencing, and General Characterization. / Strong, D. D.; Moore, M.; Cottrell, B. A.; Bohonus, V. L.; Pontes, M.; Evans, B.; Riley, M.; Doolittle, R. F.

In: Biochemistry, Vol. 24, No. 1, 01.01.1985, p. 92-101.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Strong DD, Moore M, Cottrell BA, Bohonus VL, Pontes M, Evans B et al. Lamprey Fibrinogen y Chain: Cloning, cDNA Sequencing, and General Characterization. Biochemistry. 1985 Jan 1;24(1):92-101. https://doi.org/10.1021/bi00322a014