Solid solutions of Ln2-x SrxNiO4±δ (Ln = Pr, Sm) and GdSrNiO4 were synthesized in air using conventional solid state methods and were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction, TGA, electrical resistivity, DSC, Seebeck coefficient, and magnetic susceptibility measurements. A structural transition from orthorhombic to tetragonal was observed at x ∼ 0.2 for Pr and 0.8 for Sm. For both series of compounds (Ln = Pr, Sm), the tetragonal unit cell parameters at and c as functions of x display sharp minima and maxima, respectively, at x ∼ 0.6. The tetragonality ratio, c/at, shows a maximum at x ∼ 0.6. All the compounds are semiconducting from room temperature down to 25 K, except SmSrNiO4 and GdSrNiO4, which exhibit a degenerate semiconductor to semiconductor transition at ∼292 K and ∼260 K, respectively. Seebeck measurements indicate that electrons are the dominant carriers of conductivity at ambient temperature in all the compounds. The magnetic susceptibility data for all the samples, except Sm2-xSrxNiO4±δ for x = 0.8 and 1.0, follow Curie-Weiss behavior in the temperature range 100-300 K with no evidence of long range magnetic ordering. The effect of Sr2+ substitution on the structural, electrical, and magnetic properties of Ln2-x SrxNiO4±δ (Ln = Pr, Sm) is discussed in terms of the mixed-valent character of Ni2+/3+ ions, the Ln-O vs Ni-O bond competition along the crystallographic c-axis, the size effect, the local distortion of NiO6 octahedra, and a configurational transition in the d-manifold or nickel ions.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Ceramics and Composites
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Inorganic Chemistry
- Materials Chemistry