Inhibitors of lipoxygenase products improve survival in traumatic shock

Carl E. Hock, Lorraine Loprest, Allan M. Lefer

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16 Scopus citations


We have used three selective inhibitors of arachidonic acid metabolism in order to investigate the role of lipoxygenase metabolites in the pathogenesis of traumatic shock (LD90). The following inhibitors were used: CGS-5391B (2.5 mg/kg), a cyclooxygenase and lipoxygenase inhibitor, CGS-5677 (2.0 mg/kg), a selective lipoxygenase inhibitor, and U-60, 257 (0.3 mg/kg), a putative inhibitor of glutathione-s-transferase. These inhibitors did not alter arterial blood pressure or heart rate when given to sham shock rats. The traumatic shock model was characterized by a 4.5-fold increase in plasma cathepsin D activity, a 4-fold increase in plasma myocardial depressant factor (MDF) activity, and a mean survival time of 1.5 ± 0.2 h. Only the dual inhibitor significantly blunted the accumulation of cathepsin D in the plasma (7.5 ± 0.8 vs 11.3 ± 0.8 U/ml, p<0.01). However, all three inhibitors significantly suppressed plasma MDF accumulation by 50-60%: CGS-5391B, CGS-5677, and U-60,2257 (p<0.01). Moreover, these three agents significantly improved survival time in traumatic shock. The increased survival time and reduced MDF activity afforded by these inhibitors suggest a significant role for lipoxygenase metabolites, particularly LTC4 and LTD4, in the pathogenesis of traumatic shock.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)557-571
Number of pages15
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 1984
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology


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