Influences of microstructure changes on the permeability of simulated and 3D printed rock masses

J. DeMuro, S. Kim, C. Zhu

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

Characterization of rock permeability change during the fracture network evolution is critical to the design and assessment of geological storage facilities. Under geo-storage conditions, rock fractures propagate during damage processes and re-bond during healing. However, natural heterogeneities in rocks significantly reduce experimental repeatability. Moreover, healing is a time-consuming process and requires high pressure or temperature to achieve. In this study, we resort to the 3D printing technology for specimen preparation so that complex rock microstructure changes are precisely controlled. We validate the specimen preparation by comparing experimental permeability test results with analytical solutions. Channel networks with different tortuosity, porosity, fracture branch, and structural anisotropy are designed to mimic various microstructure changes in rocks. To fabricate fractured rocks, we also embed heterogeneous fracture networks into 3D printed specimen and modify fracture geometry to account for anisotropic microstructural changes. Experimental findings revealed the evolution trend of permeability with these structural characterization parameters. They also match well with those obtained from computational fractured rock models under identical hydro-mechanically coupled conditions. This study is expected to provide new insights into the dependence of rock permeability on its microstructures under complex geo-storage conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019
Event53rd U.S. Rock Mechanics/Geomechanics Symposium - Brooklyn, United States
Duration: Jun 23 2019Jun 26 2019

Conference

Conference53rd U.S. Rock Mechanics/Geomechanics Symposium
CountryUnited States
CityBrooklyn
Period6/23/196/26/19

Fingerprint

microstructure
permeability
Rocks
rocks
Microstructure
rock
Specimen preparation
fracture network
healing
rock microstructure
fracture geometry
tortuosity
preparation
printing
anisotropy
Printing
porosity
Anisotropy
Porosity
damage

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Geophysics

Cite this

DeMuro, J., Kim, S., & Zhu, C. (2019). Influences of microstructure changes on the permeability of simulated and 3D printed rock masses. Paper presented at 53rd U.S. Rock Mechanics/Geomechanics Symposium, Brooklyn, United States.
DeMuro, J. ; Kim, S. ; Zhu, C. / Influences of microstructure changes on the permeability of simulated and 3D printed rock masses. Paper presented at 53rd U.S. Rock Mechanics/Geomechanics Symposium, Brooklyn, United States.
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DeMuro, J, Kim, S & Zhu, C 2019, 'Influences of microstructure changes on the permeability of simulated and 3D printed rock masses', Paper presented at 53rd U.S. Rock Mechanics/Geomechanics Symposium, Brooklyn, United States, 6/23/19 - 6/26/19.

Influences of microstructure changes on the permeability of simulated and 3D printed rock masses. / DeMuro, J.; Kim, S.; Zhu, C.

2019. Paper presented at 53rd U.S. Rock Mechanics/Geomechanics Symposium, Brooklyn, United States.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

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AU - Zhu, C.

PY - 2019/1/1

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N2 - Characterization of rock permeability change during the fracture network evolution is critical to the design and assessment of geological storage facilities. Under geo-storage conditions, rock fractures propagate during damage processes and re-bond during healing. However, natural heterogeneities in rocks significantly reduce experimental repeatability. Moreover, healing is a time-consuming process and requires high pressure or temperature to achieve. In this study, we resort to the 3D printing technology for specimen preparation so that complex rock microstructure changes are precisely controlled. We validate the specimen preparation by comparing experimental permeability test results with analytical solutions. Channel networks with different tortuosity, porosity, fracture branch, and structural anisotropy are designed to mimic various microstructure changes in rocks. To fabricate fractured rocks, we also embed heterogeneous fracture networks into 3D printed specimen and modify fracture geometry to account for anisotropic microstructural changes. Experimental findings revealed the evolution trend of permeability with these structural characterization parameters. They also match well with those obtained from computational fractured rock models under identical hydro-mechanically coupled conditions. This study is expected to provide new insights into the dependence of rock permeability on its microstructures under complex geo-storage conditions.

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DeMuro J, Kim S, Zhu C. Influences of microstructure changes on the permeability of simulated and 3D printed rock masses. 2019. Paper presented at 53rd U.S. Rock Mechanics/Geomechanics Symposium, Brooklyn, United States.