In situ characterization of gonadotropin-releasing hormone-I, -III, and glutamic acid decarboxylase expression in the brain of the sea lamprey, Petromyzon marinus

Adam R. Root, Nathaniel Nucci, Jocelyn D. Sanford, Beverly S. Rubin, Vance L. Trudeau, Stacia A. Sower

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The distribution of lamprey gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)-I and -III has been extensively characterized by immunocytochemistry in the forebrain of the sea lamprey, Petromyzon marinus. However, the cellular location of lamprey GnRH-III mRNA expression by in situ hybridization in the lamprey brain has not been determined. We show for the first time the location of expression of lamprey GnRH-III, as well as provide a more comprehensive in situ study of lamprey GnRH-I and glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD; GABA-synthesizing enzyme) mRNA expression in the brain of the lamprey in different reproductive life stages. Colorimetric and dual-label fluorescent amplification methods of in situ hybridization were used on brain tissue sections of adult, juvenile, and larval sea lamprey. In each life stage of the lamprey, expression of lamprey GnRH-I was shown in the preoptic area (POA) and the hypothalamus forming the characteristic arc-like cell population extending from the preoptic nucleus (NPO) to the neurohypophysis. Lamprey GnRH-III expression was also seen in the POA of each life stage in close proximity to lamprey GnRH-I mRNA containing neurons. GAD expression was shown in distinct cell clusters in and around the POA, in the olfactory bulb, in the dorsal thalamus beneath the habenular region, and also in the ventral-medial hypothalamus stretching from the periventricular region to the anterior portion of the rhombencephalon. Using dual-label in situ hybridization, we have shown that lamprey GnRH-I and -III mRNA are colocalized in the same cells in the POA in adult lampreys. Dual-label in situ hybridization also showed close proximity of GAD mRNA containing neurons and GnRH containing neurons in the POA. These data suggest that γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) may directly affect GnRH release in the brain of the sea lamprey.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)60-70
Number of pages11
JournalBrain, Behavior and Evolution
Volume65
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 20 2005
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Petromyzon
Lampreys
Petromyzon marinus
Glutamate Decarboxylase
Petromyzontiformes
gonadotropin-releasing hormone
glutamic acid
hormone
brain
Preoptic Area
acid
preoptic area
Brain
Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone
in situ hybridization
In Situ Hybridization
Messenger RNA
neurons
gamma-aminobutyric acid
hypothalamus

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Cite this

@article{8d63373cd18648498008cdd8c825bca8,
title = "In situ characterization of gonadotropin-releasing hormone-I, -III, and glutamic acid decarboxylase expression in the brain of the sea lamprey, Petromyzon marinus",
abstract = "The distribution of lamprey gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)-I and -III has been extensively characterized by immunocytochemistry in the forebrain of the sea lamprey, Petromyzon marinus. However, the cellular location of lamprey GnRH-III mRNA expression by in situ hybridization in the lamprey brain has not been determined. We show for the first time the location of expression of lamprey GnRH-III, as well as provide a more comprehensive in situ study of lamprey GnRH-I and glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD; GABA-synthesizing enzyme) mRNA expression in the brain of the lamprey in different reproductive life stages. Colorimetric and dual-label fluorescent amplification methods of in situ hybridization were used on brain tissue sections of adult, juvenile, and larval sea lamprey. In each life stage of the lamprey, expression of lamprey GnRH-I was shown in the preoptic area (POA) and the hypothalamus forming the characteristic arc-like cell population extending from the preoptic nucleus (NPO) to the neurohypophysis. Lamprey GnRH-III expression was also seen in the POA of each life stage in close proximity to lamprey GnRH-I mRNA containing neurons. GAD expression was shown in distinct cell clusters in and around the POA, in the olfactory bulb, in the dorsal thalamus beneath the habenular region, and also in the ventral-medial hypothalamus stretching from the periventricular region to the anterior portion of the rhombencephalon. Using dual-label in situ hybridization, we have shown that lamprey GnRH-I and -III mRNA are colocalized in the same cells in the POA in adult lampreys. Dual-label in situ hybridization also showed close proximity of GAD mRNA containing neurons and GnRH containing neurons in the POA. These data suggest that γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) may directly affect GnRH release in the brain of the sea lamprey.",
author = "Root, {Adam R.} and Nathaniel Nucci and Sanford, {Jocelyn D.} and Rubin, {Beverly S.} and Trudeau, {Vance L.} and Sower, {Stacia A.}",
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In situ characterization of gonadotropin-releasing hormone-I, -III, and glutamic acid decarboxylase expression in the brain of the sea lamprey, Petromyzon marinus. / Root, Adam R.; Nucci, Nathaniel; Sanford, Jocelyn D.; Rubin, Beverly S.; Trudeau, Vance L.; Sower, Stacia A.

In: Brain, Behavior and Evolution, Vol. 65, No. 1, 20.01.2005, p. 60-70.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - In situ characterization of gonadotropin-releasing hormone-I, -III, and glutamic acid decarboxylase expression in the brain of the sea lamprey, Petromyzon marinus

AU - Root, Adam R.

AU - Nucci, Nathaniel

AU - Sanford, Jocelyn D.

AU - Rubin, Beverly S.

AU - Trudeau, Vance L.

AU - Sower, Stacia A.

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N2 - The distribution of lamprey gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)-I and -III has been extensively characterized by immunocytochemistry in the forebrain of the sea lamprey, Petromyzon marinus. However, the cellular location of lamprey GnRH-III mRNA expression by in situ hybridization in the lamprey brain has not been determined. We show for the first time the location of expression of lamprey GnRH-III, as well as provide a more comprehensive in situ study of lamprey GnRH-I and glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD; GABA-synthesizing enzyme) mRNA expression in the brain of the lamprey in different reproductive life stages. Colorimetric and dual-label fluorescent amplification methods of in situ hybridization were used on brain tissue sections of adult, juvenile, and larval sea lamprey. In each life stage of the lamprey, expression of lamprey GnRH-I was shown in the preoptic area (POA) and the hypothalamus forming the characteristic arc-like cell population extending from the preoptic nucleus (NPO) to the neurohypophysis. Lamprey GnRH-III expression was also seen in the POA of each life stage in close proximity to lamprey GnRH-I mRNA containing neurons. GAD expression was shown in distinct cell clusters in and around the POA, in the olfactory bulb, in the dorsal thalamus beneath the habenular region, and also in the ventral-medial hypothalamus stretching from the periventricular region to the anterior portion of the rhombencephalon. Using dual-label in situ hybridization, we have shown that lamprey GnRH-I and -III mRNA are colocalized in the same cells in the POA in adult lampreys. Dual-label in situ hybridization also showed close proximity of GAD mRNA containing neurons and GnRH containing neurons in the POA. These data suggest that γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) may directly affect GnRH release in the brain of the sea lamprey.

AB - The distribution of lamprey gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)-I and -III has been extensively characterized by immunocytochemistry in the forebrain of the sea lamprey, Petromyzon marinus. However, the cellular location of lamprey GnRH-III mRNA expression by in situ hybridization in the lamprey brain has not been determined. We show for the first time the location of expression of lamprey GnRH-III, as well as provide a more comprehensive in situ study of lamprey GnRH-I and glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD; GABA-synthesizing enzyme) mRNA expression in the brain of the lamprey in different reproductive life stages. Colorimetric and dual-label fluorescent amplification methods of in situ hybridization were used on brain tissue sections of adult, juvenile, and larval sea lamprey. In each life stage of the lamprey, expression of lamprey GnRH-I was shown in the preoptic area (POA) and the hypothalamus forming the characteristic arc-like cell population extending from the preoptic nucleus (NPO) to the neurohypophysis. Lamprey GnRH-III expression was also seen in the POA of each life stage in close proximity to lamprey GnRH-I mRNA containing neurons. GAD expression was shown in distinct cell clusters in and around the POA, in the olfactory bulb, in the dorsal thalamus beneath the habenular region, and also in the ventral-medial hypothalamus stretching from the periventricular region to the anterior portion of the rhombencephalon. Using dual-label in situ hybridization, we have shown that lamprey GnRH-I and -III mRNA are colocalized in the same cells in the POA in adult lampreys. Dual-label in situ hybridization also showed close proximity of GAD mRNA containing neurons and GnRH containing neurons in the POA. These data suggest that γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) may directly affect GnRH release in the brain of the sea lamprey.

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