Impairment in category fluency in ischemic vascular dementia

Tania Giovannetti Carew, Melissa Lamar, Murray Grossman, Blaine S. Cloud, David J. Libon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

95 Scopus citations


The underlying mechanisms for impaired output on letter (F; A, and S) and category (e.g., animal) word list generation (WLG) tasks in subcortical ischemic vascular dementia (IVD) were investigated. Normal control (NC) and Alzheimer's disease (AD) participants were also studied. IVD and NC participants performed better on category than letter WLG tasks, whereas the opposite was observed among AD participants. IVD participants produced fewer responses than AD participants on letter WLG tasks, but there was no difference between AD and IVD participants on the 'animal' WLG task. AD participants scored lower than IVD and NC participants on animal WLG indexes measuring semantic knowledge. There were few differences between IVD and NC participants. The reduced output on the animal WLG task for IVD participants is consistent with search-retrieval deficits. The reduced output of AD participants may be caused by degraded semantic knowledge.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)400-412
Number of pages13
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology


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