Impact of high pyruvate concentration on kinetics of rabbit muscle lactate dehydrogenase

Matthew Warren Eggert, Mark E. Byrne, Robert P. Chambers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


In order to evaluate the effectiveness of L-lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) from rabbit muscle as a regenerative catalyst of the biologically important cofactor nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD), the kinetics over broad concentrations were studied to develop asuitable kinetic rate expression. Despite robust literature describing the intricate complexations, the mammalian rabbit muscle LDH lacks a quantitative kinetic rate expression accounting for simultaneous inhibition parameters, specifically at high pyruvate concentrations. Product inhibition by L-lactate was observed to reduce activity at concentrationsgreater than 25 mM, while expected substrate inhibition by pyruvate was significant above 4.3 mM concentration. The combined effect of ternary and binary complexes of pyruvate andthe coenzymes led to experimental rates as little as a third of expected activity. Theconvenience of the statistical software package JMP allowed for effective determination of experimental kinetic constants and simplification to a suitable rate expression: Mathamatical equation where the last three terms represent the inhibition complex terms for lactate, pyruvate, and pyruvate-NAD, respectively. The corresponding values of K I-Lac, K I-Pyr, and K I-Pyr-NAD for rabbit muscle LDH are 487.33 mM -1 and 29.91 mM and 97.47 mM at 22 °C and pH 7.8.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)676-686
Number of pages11
JournalApplied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Sep 2011
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Biochemistry
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Molecular Biology


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