The inositol trisphosphate (InsP3) receptor (InsP3R) is a ubiquitously expressed intracellular Ca2+ channel that mediates complex cytoplasmic Ca2+ signals, regulating diverse cellular processes, including synaptic plasticity. Activation of the InsP3R channel is normally thought to require binding of InsP3 derived from receptor-mediated activation of phosphatidylinositol lipid hydrolysis. Here we identify a family of neuronal Ca2+-binding proteins as high-affinity protein agonists of the InsP3R, which bind to the channel and activate gating in the absence of InsP3. CaBP/caldendrin, a subfamily of the EF-hand-containing neuronal calcium sensor family of calmodulin-related proteins, bind specifically to the InsP3-binding region of all three InsP3R channel isoforms with high affinity (Ka ≈ 25 nM) in a Ca2+-dependent manner (Ka ≈ 1 μM). Binding activates single-channel gating as efficaciously as InsP3, dependent on functional EF-hands in CaBP. In contrast, calmodulin neither bound with high affinity nor activated channel gating. CaBP1 and the type 1 InsP3R associate in rat whole brain and cerebellum lysates, and colocalize extensively in subcellular regions in cerebellar Purkinje neurons. Thus, InsP3R-mediated Ca2+ signaling in cells is possible even in the absence of InsP3 generation, a process that may be particularly important in responding to and shaping changes in intracellular Ca2+ concentration by InsP3-independent pathways and for localizing InsP3-mediated Ca2+ signals to individual synapses.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - May 28 2002|
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