Introduction: Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy (EDMD) is a disease characterized by skeletal muscle wasting, major tendon contractures, and cardiac conduction defects. Mutations in the gene encoding emerin cause EDMD1. Our previous studies suggested that emerin activation of histone deacetylase 3 (HDAC3) to reduce histone 4-lysine 5 (H4K5) acetylation (ac) is important for myogenic differentiation. Methods: Pharmacological inhibitors (Nu9056, L002) of histone acetyltransferases targeting acetylated H4K5 were used to test whether increased acetylated H4K5 was responsible for the impaired differentiation seen in emerin-deficient myogenic progenitors. Results: Nu9056 and L002 rescued impaired differentiation in emerin deficiency. SRT1720, which inhibits the nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD)+-dependent deacetylase sirtuin 1 (SIRT1), failed to rescue myotube formation. Discussion: We conclude that emerin regulation of HDAC3 activity to affect H4K5 acetylation dynamics is important for myogenic differentiation. Targeting H4K5ac dynamics represents a potential new strategy for ameliorating the skeletal muscle wasting seen in EDMD1.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Neurology
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
- Physiology (medical)