Fibrin Glue Acutely Blocks Distal Muscle Contraction after Confirmed Polyethylene Glycol Nerve Fusion: An Animal Study

Alec H. Fisher, Parker H. Johnsen, Andrew Simon, Cameron J. Burns, Vineeth Romiyo, Elliot B. Bodofsky, Sebastián L. Vega, David A. Fuller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Background: Polyethylene glycol (PEG) is a synthetic, biodegradable, and hyperosmotic material promising in the treatment of acute peripheral nerve injuries. Our team set out to investigate the impact of fibrin glue upon PEG fusion in a rat model. Methods: Eighteen rats underwent sciatic nerve transection and PEG fusion. Electrophysiologic testing was performed to measure nerve function and distal muscle twitch. Fibrin glue was applied and testing repeated. Due to preliminary findings, fibrin glue was applied to an uncut nerve in five rodents and testing was conducted before and after glue application. Mann-Whitney U tests were used to compare median values between outcome measures. A Shapiro-Wilk test was used to determine normality of data for each comparison, significance set at a P value less than 0.05. Results: PEG fusion was confirmed in 13 nerves with no significant change in amplitude (P = 0.054), latency (P = 0.114), or conduction velocity (P = 0.114). Stimulation of nerves following PEG fusion produced distal muscle contraction in 100% of nerves. Following application of fibrin glue, there was a significant reduction in latency (P = 0.023), amplitude (P < 0.001), and conduction velocity (P = 0.023). Stimulation of the nerve after application of fibrin glue did not produce distal muscle twitch. Five uncut nerves with fibrin glue application blocked distal muscle contraction following stimulation. Conclusions: Our data suggest that fibrin glue alters the nerve's function. The immediate confirmation of PEG fusion via distal muscle twitch is blocked with application fibrin glue in this experimental model. Survival and functional outcome studies are necessary to understand if this has implications on the long-term functional outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E5535
JournalPlastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Global Open
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 19 2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery


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